Add Copyright Notice To Citation
I received the following comment from Craig Manson, at GeneaBlogie, to my recent post on the proper citation for the song lyrics from "Good Vibrations" by the Beach Boys. As you may or may not know, Craig is a law professor and knows his way around a good citation.
I always recommend that the standard citation forms be supplemented with a copyright notice when large portions of copyrighted material are used. I think including the copyright notice shows that the user respects the copyright and actually may bolster the case for “fair use.” The copyright info, of course, should be in the source material. But if it's not there, then copyrights registered or renewed after 1978 can be found easily at the U.S. Copyright Office's search site.
For Good Vibrations, the copyright information is:
Copyright ©1966 & 1978, Brian Wilson and Mike Love
As to these online lyrics sites, some are better than others. Some are wildly inaccurate! So it's particularly important, as you say, to include the Web address so others can find it.
Thanks for your focus on citation issues! It's a real service to our community.
This is a brilliant suggestion. With the addition of the copyright notice, the citation for the lyrics would be written:
Wilson, Brian, and Mike Love. “Good Vibrations.” Lyrics. Good Vibrations, Single. Brian Wilson, 1966. Copyright ©1966 & 1978, Brian Wilson and Mike Love. Lyrics Freak (http://www.lyricsfreak.com/b/beach+boys/
good+vibrations_20013757.html : accessed 18 October 2007).
While the addition of a copyright notice to a citation is not a silver bullet if you are in fact infringing on someone's copyright, as Craig points out, it actually may bolster the case for “fair use” when your use is in fact fair.
Thank you Craig, for adding this important advice to our discussion on citations.